Caesium - Wikipedia
Changes in concentrations of I, Cs and Cs in leafy . The concentrations of radionuclides were corrected for the sampling date. A technique of cosmic ray exposure age dating using cosmic ray produced I and Xe .. The Distribution of Fallout Radionuclides (Sr 90, I , and Cs ) in Naturally Cs data decay faster due to the shorter radioactive half- life. Caesium root uptake by agricultural and wild crops in post- Chernobyl. Caesium ( 55Cs), or radiocaesium, is a radioactive isotope of caesium which is . Together with caesium, iodine, and strontium, caesium- was among the isotopes distributed by the reactor explosion that constitute Surface soils and sediments are also dated by measuring the activity of Cs
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Cesium Cesium arises as a cleavage product in the nuclear fission of uranium. Cesium has a half-life of 30 years; for example, if cesium atoms are present, then of these will be transformed into barium over a year period. Of the remaining cesium atoms, will be similarly transformed over the succeeding year period. Barium has a half-life of 2. The main problem with cesium, which is present in the form of salts, is its high water solubility.
Cesium ions are readily distributed in the body, and especially in the muscle tissues. The biological half-life is days.
This means that half of the cesium has been excreted again after days. For the same reasons, however, cesium also finds its way into foodstuffs that have been prepared in contaminated areas. Iodine Iodine arises as a cleavage product in the nuclear fission of uranium.
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A problem arises in that thyroid gland hormones contain iodine. Since the body cannot distinguish iodine from stable iodine, it also uses the former in the biosynthesis of these hormones.
As the site of this hormone production, the thyroid gland stores these iodine-containing compounds and thus is disproportionately affected by the radiation, which is manifest in the form of thyroid cancer.
Caesium is produced from the nuclear fission of plutonium and uraniumand decays into barium By observing the characteristic gamma rays emitted by this isotope, one can determine whether the contents of a given sealed container were made before or after the first atomic bomb explosion Trinity test16 Julywhich spread some of it into the atmosphere, quickly distributing trace amounts of it around the globe.Cesium 137 half life of 30 years, so it lasts for 120 years.
This procedure has been used by researchers to check the authenticity of certain rare wines, most notably the purported " Jefferson bottles ". This led to four confirmed deaths and several serious injuries from radiation contamination. It is believed that the capsule, originally a part of a measurement device, was lost in the late s and ended up mixed with gravel used to construct the building in Over 9 years, two families lived in the apartment.
By the time the capsule was discovered, 6 residents of the building had died from leukemia and 17 more had received varying doses of radiation.
They were eventually traced back to training sources abandoned, forgotten, and unlabeled after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. One was a Cs pellet in a pocket of a shared jacket which put out abouttimes the level of background radiation at 1 meter distance. This caused some caesium from a measuring instrument to be included with eight truckloads of scrap metal on its way to a steel millwhere the radioactive caesium was melted down into the steel. The samples were moved out of a secure location to be used for education.