BBC - Religions - Islam: Euthanasia, assisted dying, medical ethics and suicide
*Euthanasia and suicide are two very different things The religious perspective aligns almost-seamlessly with the submissions received. Attitudes towards active voluntary euthanasia (AVE) received before the cut-off date, giving an overall claiming adherence to different religions were found. Euthanasia encompasses various dimensions, from active (introducing something legal, ethical, human rights, health, religious, economic, spiritual, social and the subject of euthanasia from the medical and human rights perspective given . Till date, most of the States has not done anything to support the terminally ill.
It is not considered suicide as the person observing it, must be in a state of full consciousness. Practitioner shouldn't recollect the pleasures enjoyed or, long for the enjoyment of pleasures in the future. Estimates for death by this means range from to a year.
Generally, Jewish thinkers oppose voluntary euthanasia, often vigorously,  though there is some backing for voluntary passive euthanasia in limited circumstances.
The study found that all of the Hasidic Orthodox responders disapproved of voluntary euthanasia whereas a majority of the secularized Orthodox responders approved of it. In Shinto, the prolongation of life using artificial means is a disgraceful act against life. Unitarian Universalism[ edit ] The Unitarian Universalist Association UUA recommends observing the ethics and culture of the resident country when determining euthanasia.
In the UUA gathered to share a commitment to The Right to Die with Dignity document which included a resolution supporting self-determination in dying. While one's view on the matter doesn't necessarily connect directly to their religion, it often impacts a person's opinion. While the influence of religion on one's views toward palliative care do make a difference, they often play a smaller role than one may think.
At the same time, Brown adds, there is no requirement that patients near the end of their lives continue treatment just to extend life a little longer. The Presbyterian Church U. However, broader church teachings — including a belief in the intrinsic value of human life, the sovereignty of God and the need for health care workers to do no harm — would imply opposition to assisted suicide and active euthanasia or hastening death, according to Abigail Rian Evans, a Presbyterian minister and bioethicist.
According to Evans, a senior scholar at the Edmund D.
Religious views on euthanasia - Wikipedia
Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics and an adjunct professor in the Department of Family Medicine at Georgetown University Medical Center, refusal or withdrawal of treatment in cases involving a terminally ill patient would be viewed as more acceptable by her church. This opposition is rooted partly in the Adventist belief that the physical body and the soul are permanently linked and that both will be resurrected after death, according to Roy Branson, associate dean of the School of Religion at Loma Linda University, an Adventist institution in Loma Linda, Calif.
The church believes that because life is created by God, it is sacred from conception until natural death and that suicide is self-murder, says C. Although the SBC generally opposes any action that may hasten death — including stopping regular medical treatment and the cessation of food and water — medical treatments that prolong the dying process are not obligatory.
For instance, Mitchell says, an older person who is dying of kidney failure, is not a candidate for a transplant and has been reacting very badly to dialysis treatments should have the option to cease treatment. No, not in my view and not in the view of most Southern Baptists I know.
This position is in keeping with broader church teachings that stress the importance of respecting individual conscience and choice, according to the Rev. According to Tutt, the church also supports the right of families to discontinue treatment for incapacitated loved ones who are near death or in a vegetative state. To a certain extent, the religion or world view of European palliative care physicians is analyzed in surveys assessing the influence of religion on palliative care physicians' attitudes toward certain treatment decisions in advanced disease.
In Cornette undertook a quantitative survey among palliative care nurses, physicians, pastors, counsellors and volunteers about their opinions regarding spiritual care. Since an assessment of the religious and ideological views and practices of the palliative care providers was not the prime focus of the study, the enquiry in this regard was restricted to prayer, mass attendance, belief in a personal God and life after death. Moreover, in these studies, the number of physicians being surveyed is limited.
It would, however, be highly interesting to know more about the religious or ideological views of palliative care physicians since such knowledge could enable us to understand why palliative care physicians are willing to work in palliative care and why they judge certain ethical decisions e. Therefore, we intended to study the religious and ideological views and practices of palliative care physicians.
Most studies which attempt to measure the religious and ideological views and practices of physicians restrict their enquiry to the religious or ideological affiliation of the physicians. This is also the case in surveys assessing the relationship between religion and attitudes toward euthanasia. Yet, as such, religious or ideological affiliation reveals little about how a respondent interprets his or her affiliation, and whether he or she diverts from the standard views and practices of his or her religious community.
For that reason, we wanted to divide the physicians into different groups, with physicians giving similar answers on divergent religious or ideological questions.
- Euthanasia, assisted dying, suicide and medical ethics
- Euthanasia and assisted dying
- Religion and euthanasia
Leuven and the Flemish Palliative Care Federation decided to undertake a quantitative study of the religious and ideological views and practices of Flemish palliative care physicians and their attitudes toward different treatment decisions in advanced disease.
For the Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Religion and World View this survey is part of a series of qualitative and quantitative empirical studies, analyzing attitudes toward treatment decisions in advanced disease and the influence of religion and world view on these attitudes. Specific focus is being put on the influence of Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Christianity. This article deals with the religious and ideological views and practices of Flemish palliative care physicians and more specifically with the question how these physicians could be classified regarding their religion or world view and how their religion or wordview influences their attitudes toward euthanasia.
The addresses of the physicians had been provided by the Flemish Palliative Care Federation. Earlier, the questionnaire had been presented for evaluation to a team of palliative care experts and sociologists.
Euthanasia: Right to life vs right to die
The questionnaire had also been approved by the Flemish Palliative Care Federation and its ethics steering group. The questionnaire in Dutch consisted of three parts.
In the first part, the respondents were requested to provide demographic information, including gender, age and years of experience in palliative care.
In the second part, the respondents were asked to provide information concerning their religion or world view through several questions enquiring after religious or ideological affiliation, religious or ideological self-definition, view on life after death, image of God, spirituality, importance of rituals in their life, religious practice, and importance of religion in life. The accuracy of this translation was verified through the method of back translation with the help of a native English speaker.
Approximately, 30 to 40 minutes were needed to complete the questionnaire. Together with the questionnaires the physicians received stamped return envelopes to mail back completed questionnaires.Medical Ethics - Christian attitudes towards euthanasia
The physicians also received a stamped card on which they were requested to write their name. The card had to be sent separately to the researchers after posting the completed questionnaire to avoid follow-up mailings.
In the beginning of June a follow-up mailing reminding the physicians about the questionnaires, was sent to all physicians whose response card had not been received.