Funeral - Wikipedia
Hindus over thousands of years have pondered greatly about the issues like who am I and where do I go after death. cynicism in the rituals and traditions of their Hindu culture and ancestors. . Is this answer still relevant and up to date?. Hinduism, like other great religions, has specific rituals for honoring the deceased and addressing a family's grief. Dr. Vasudha Narayanan, Professor of Religion. Hinduism—one of the oldest world religions dating back to around It is believed that this cycle of birth, death and rebirth ultimately results in attaining a state of.
The foods are considered satvic pure foods.
The next day the ashes are collected and immersed in a river--particularly where two rivers meet; in the ocean; or scattered over the earth in India. There are a certain number of days, depending on the community, after which the family is re-integrated into the society," says Narayanan. These invocations bring the peace that everyone is searching for in the days after death--peace for the mind and the soul.
These feasts symbolically provide sustenance for the ancestors rituals with similar philosophies are also found in China and Japan. In Hinduism, they are conducted every month for a year after the death, based on tithi the phase of the moonand then once annually by the same person who performed the last rites. In recent years, people have substituted other activities in lieu of the Shraddha, such as feeding the poor or giving donations to orphanages.
Feeding people in memory of the dead is considered particularly meritorious. Indeed, the body is not kept at home as in India but must be taken immediately to a funeral home, and the funeral services reflect Judeo-Christian ones, with mourners watching the rituals take place, while in India these are done in private.
What happens when you don't have a body or just body parts, as in the World Trade Center or Columbia tragedies? Says Narayanan, "Whatever part you have you do the cremation with that--it's comparable to when you find a limb during a war or a person is lost in a fire. The soul never dies and we have discarded this body because the soul is here and always will be. When you read the verses in the Bhagavad Gita in your time of grief, they speak to you.
Death anniversary - Wikipedia
When you read them in a class or at other times, they are very beautiful. But when you read them in a time of pain, they are almost like a revelation, and it's like a soothing hand on you. As Narayanan explains, "Rituals give us a way of cathartically dealing with our grief. Every one of the rituals within the Hindu ceremonies is a reality check to help us confront our grief, interact with it, accept it and keep going on--both in life and spiritually.
The jewelry may be taken off and given to the family of the deceased prior to burial or be buried with the deceased. Jewelry has to be removed before cremation in order to prevent damage to the crematory.
The body may or may not be embalmed, depending upon such factors as the amount of time since the death has occurred, religious practices, or requirements of the place of burial. The most commonly prescribed aspects of this gathering are that the attendees sign a book kept by the deceased's survivors to record who attended.
A more recent trend is to create a DVD with pictures and video of the deceased, accompanied by music, and play this DVD continuously during the visitation.
The viewing is either "open casket", in which the embalmed body of the deceased has been clothed and treated with cosmetics for display; or "closed casket", in which the coffin is closed. The coffin may be closed if the body was too badly damaged because of an accident or fire or other trauma, deformed from illness, if someone in the group is emotionally unable to cope with viewing the corpse, or if the deceased did not wish to be viewed.
In cases such as these, a picture of the deceased, usually a formal photo, is placed atop the casket. The tombstone of Yossele the Holy Miser. According to Jewish bereavement tradition, the dozens of stones on his tombstone mark respect for the Holy Miser.
However, this step is foreign to Judaism; Jewish funerals are held soon after death preferably within a day or two, unless more time is needed for relatives to comeand the corpse is never displayed. Torah law forbids embalming. The Jewish shiva tradition discourages family members from cooking, so food is brought by friends and neighbors.
The decedent's closest friends and relatives who are unable to attend frequently send flowers to the viewing, with the exception of a Jewish funeral,  where flowers would not be appropriate donations are often given to a charity instead. Obituaries sometimes contain a request that attendees do not send flowers e. The use of these phrases has been on the rise for the past century.
By the middle of the century, they had grown to The viewing may end with a prayer service; in a Roman Catholic funeral, this may include a rosary. A visitation is often held the evening before the day of the funeral. However, when the deceased person is elderly the visitation may be held immediately preceding the funeral.
This allows elderly friends of the deceased a chance to view the body and attend the funeral in one trip, since it may be difficult for them to arrange travel; this step may also be taken if the deceased has few survivors or the survivors want a funeral with only a small number of guests.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message Traditional flower arrangement for funeral Denmark A memorial service, often called a funeral, is often officiated by clergy from the decedent's, or bereaved's, church or religion. A funeral may take place at either a funeral home, church, or crematorium or cemetery chapel.
A funeral is held according to the family's choosing, which may be a few days after the time of death, allowing family members to attend the service. This type of memorial service is most common for Christians, and Roman Catholics call it a mass when Eucharist communion is offered, the casket is closed and a priest says prayers and blessings.
A Roman Catholic funeral must take place in a parish church usually that of the deceased, or that of the family grave, or a parish to which the deceased had special links.
Sometimes family members or friends of the dead will say something. If the funeral service takes place in the funeral home mostly it takes place in the funeral home's chapel it can be directed by a clergy mostly for Protestant churches and sometimes for Catholic churches or hosted by a very close family member most common a parent. In some traditions if this service takes place in a funeral home it is the same if it would take place in a church.
These services if taking place in a funeral home consists of prayers, blessings and eulogies from the family. The open-casket service which is common in North America allows mourners to have a final opportunity to view the deceased and say good-bye.
There is an order of precedence when approaching the casket at this stage that usually starts with the immediate family siblings, parents, spouse, children ; followed by other mourners, after which the immediate family may file past again, so they are the last to view their loved one before the coffin is closed. This opportunity can take place immediately before the service begins, or at the very end of the service.
The funeral service itself is almost invariably closed casket. Funeral homes are generally not used for funeral services, which are almost exclusively held in a church, cemetery, or crematorium chapel.
The Anniversary Death Ritual of Hinduism | Synonym
The deceased is usually transported from the funeral home to a church in a hearse, a specialized vehicle designed to carry casketed remains. In a number of jurisdictions, special laws cover funeral processions — such as requiring most other vehicles to give right-of-way to a funeral procession. Funeral service vehicles may be equipped with light bars and special flashers to increase their visibility on the roads. They may also all have their headlights on, to identify which vehicles are part of the cortege, although the practice also has roots in ancient Roman customs.
The Anniversary Death Ritual of Hinduism
If the deceased is to be cremated, the funeral procession may then proceed to the crematorium. Religious funeral services commonly include prayers, readings from a sacred text, hymns sung either by the attendees or a hired vocalist and words of comfort by the clergy.
Frequently, a relative or close friend will be asked to give a eulogywhich details happy memories and accomplishments rather than criticism. Sometimes the eulogy is delivered by clergy. Church bells may also be tolled both before and after the service. In some religious denominations, for example, Roman Catholic, and Anglicaneulogies from loved ones are somewhat discouraged during this service.
In such cases, the eulogy is only done by a member of the clergy. This tradition is giving way to eulogies read by family members or friends. In these religions the coffin is traditionally closed at the end of the wake and is not re-opened for the funeral service. If the deceased served in a branch of the armed forces, the casket may be covered with a national flag; however, in the US, nothing should cover the national flag according to Title 4, United States Code, Chapter 1, Paragraph 8i.
If the funeral service is held in a church, the casket is normally covered in a white pall, which recalls the white garments of baptism. Funeral customs vary from country to country. In the United States, any type of noise other than quiet whispering or mourning is considered disrespectful.